ORIGINAL PAPER
The new mineral exploration strategies of selected major mineral-rich countries
Yu Yun 1  
 
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china geological survey development and research center
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Yu Yun   

china geological survey development and research center
Submission date: 2020-12-24
Final revision date: 2021-02-05
Acceptance date: 2021-02-22
Publication date: 2021-03-24
 
Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi – Mineral Resources Management 2021;37(1):5–20
 
KEYWORDS
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ABSTRACT
This paper first describes basic information on 13 mineral resource strategy reports issued by the world’s major mineral resource exploration countries and regions, including Australia, Canada, Europe, the U.S., Russia, and India. Through these strategic reports, we identified the problems facing current mineral exploration and development, such as mining issues, increased on land access and permitting, disincentives to obtain precompetitive geoscience information, and the urgent need to improve exploration technology to adapt to new demands. Then, by studying the visions and aims of the new mineral resource strategies, this paper found that the strategic goals have something in common: to display a new image of mining development. The new image of mining development is an image of advanced mining through green development, ecological protection, technology intensity, sustainability, and social acceptance, consolidating the primary position and foundational role of mineral resources and mining development in economic and social development. The new image creates a favorable development environment for the rational use and adequate protection of mineral resources. After that, a summary of the measures taken to achieve these objectives, which include strengthening domestic mineral exploration, increasing coordination between mineral exploration and ecological environmental protection, strengthening the life cycle management of the industrial chain, playing a significant role in scientific and technological innovation, and paying close attention to significant shifts in the focus on critical minerals, is provided.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Nowe strategie poszukiwań złóż surowców mineralnych w wybranych krajach posiadających takie surowce
strategia zasobów mineralnych, wizje, cele, mierniki
W artykule opisano podstawowe informacje zawarte w 13 raportach, dotyczące strategii zasobów surowców mineralnych, wydanych przez wybrane najważniejsze kraje i regiony zajmujące się poszukiwaniem złóż surowców mineralnych, w tym Australię, Kanadę, Europę, Stany Zjednoczone, Rosję i Indie. Dzięki tym raportom strategicznym zidentyfikowano problemy jakie towarzyszą obecnie poszukiwaniom i zagospodarowaniu złóż, a mianowicie: trudności z wydobyciem, zwiększone zapotrzebowanie na grunty, trudności z uzyskaniem pozwoleń i informacji geologicznej. W związku z tym konieczna jest potrzeba ulepszenia technologii poszukiwań, aby dostosować się do nowych wymagań. Następnie, badając wizje i zadania nowych strategii dotyczących surowców mineralnych, w artykule stwierdzono, że mają one wspólny cel: ukazać nowy wizerunek rozwoju górnictwa. Nowy obraz górnictwa to: zaawansowany rozwój zielonego górnictwa, ochrona ekologiczna, efektywność technologii, zrównoważony rozwój i akceptacja społeczna, utrwalenie podstawowej pozycji i fundamentalnej roli surowców mineralnych w rozwoju gospodarczym i społecznym kraju. Nowy wizerunek stwarza korzystne warunki rozwojowe dla racjonalnego wykorzystania i odpowiedniej ochrony zasobów surowców mineralnych. Dokonano podsumowania działań podjętych w celu osiągnięcia tych zamierzeń, które obejmują zwiększenie: poszukiwań surowców mineralnych, koordynacji między poszukiwaniem złóż i ekologiczną ochroną środowiska, wzmocnienia zarządzania cyklem życia łańcucha przemysłowego, znaczącej roli w innowacjach naukowych i technologicznych, jak również zwracanie bacznej uwagi na zmiany zainteresowania krytycznymi surowcami mineralnymi.
 
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