ORIGINAL PAPER
Petrographic composition of coal from the Janina mine and char obtained as a result of gasification in the CFB gasifier
 
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AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Barbara Bielowicz   

AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków
Submission date: 2018-08-01
Final revision date: 2018-12-04
Acceptance date: 2019-01-24
Publication date: 2018-03-31
 
Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi – Mineral Resources Management 2019;35(1):99–116
 
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ABSTRACT
The research was aimed at examining the impact of the petrographic composition of coal from the Janina mine on the gasification process and petrographic composition of the resulting char. The coal was subjected to fluidized bed gasification at a temperature below 1000°C in oxygen and CO2 atmosphere. The rank of coal is borderline subbituminous to bituminous coal. The petrographic composition is as follows: macerals from the vitrinite (61.0% vol.); liptinite (4.8% vol.) and inertinite groups (29.0% vol.). The petrofactor in coal from the Janina deposit is 6.9. The high content of macerals of the inertinite group, which can be considered inert during the gasification, naturally affects the process. The content of non-reactive macerals is around 27% vol. The petrographic analysis of char was carried out based on the classification of International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology. Both inertoid (34.7% vol.) and crassinetwork (25.1% vol.) have a dominant share in chars resulting from the above-mentioned process. In addition, the examined char contained 3.1% vol. of mineroids and 4.3% vol. of fusinoids and solids. The calculated aromaticity factor increases from 0.75 in coal to 0.98 in char. The carbon conversion is 30.3%. Approximately 40% vol. of the low porosity components in the residues after the gasification process indicate a low degree of carbon conversion. The ash content in coal amounted to 13.8% and increased to 24.10% in char. Based on the petrographic composition of the starting coal and the degree of conversion of macerals in the char, it can be stated that the coal from the Janina deposit is moderately suitable for the gasification process.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Skład petrograficzny węgla z kopalni Janina i karbonizatu uzyskanego w wyniku jego zgazowania z cyrkulacyjnym złożem fluidalnym
zgazowanie węgla, petrografia karbonizatu, zgazowaniu w reaktorze fluidalnym, klasyfikacja karbonizatu
Celem badań była analiza wpływu składu petrograficznego węgla z kopalni Janina na proces zgazowania i skład petrograficzny powstałego karbonizatu. Węgiel poddano zgazowaniu w reaktorze fluidalnym w temperaturze poniżej 1000°C oraz w atmosferze tlenu i CO2. Stopień uwęglenia wyjściowego węgla to granica między węglem brunatnym twardym błyszczącym a węglem kamiennym. Skład petrograficzny przedstawia się następująco: dominują macerały z grupy witrynitu (61,0% obj.); a z grupy liptynitu i inertynitu stanowią odpowiednio o 4,8% obj. i 29,0% obj. Petrofactor w węglu ze złoża Janina wynosi 6,9. Wysoka zawartość macerałów z grupy inertynitu, którą można uznać za obojętną podczas zgazowania, ma naturalny wpływ na proces. Zawartość niereaktywnych macerałów wynosi około 27% obj. Analiza petrograficzna karbonizatu została przeprowadzona w oparciu o klasyfikację International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology. Składniki inertoid (34,7% obj.) i crassinetwork (25,1% obj.) mają dominujący udział w karbonizacie powstałym w procesie zgazowania. Ponadto badany węgiel zawierał 3,1% obj. mineroidów i 4,3% obj. fusinoidów i solid. Obliczony współczynnik aromatyczności wzrasta z 0,75 w węglu do 0,98 na karbonizacie. Konwersja węgla wynosi 30,3%. W karbonizacie znajduje się około 40% obj. składników o niskiej porowatości, co wskazuje na niski stopień konwersji węgla. Zawartość popiołu w węglu wynosiła 13,8% i wzrosła do 24,10% w karbonizacie. Na podstawie składu petrograficznego wyjściowego węgla i stopnia konwersji macerałów w karbonizacie można stwierdzić, że węgiel ze złoża Janina jest umiarkowanie odpowiedni do procesu zgazowania.
 
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