Study of physico-chemical and mechanical characteristics of consolidated and unconsolidated cemented paste backfills
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Department of Applied Sciences, University of Québec at Abitibi-Temiscamingue (UQAT), Québec, Canada
Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi – Mineral Resources Management 2013;29(1):81-100
In recent years, it has been observed that the performance and quality of in situ cemented paste backfill (CPB) samples are constantly lower than samples obtained from the same CPB mix poured into laboratory-prepared plastic moulds. This could be well explained by the absence of an efficient laboratory tool capable of mimicking CPB’s in situ placement, hardening, and curing conditions relating to stope size and geometry. To meet this need, a new laboratory tool named CUAPS (curing under applied pressure system) was manufactured and used to examine the effect of curing under effective stress on physico-chemical and mechanical properties of CPB, along with plastic mould samples. A comparative study was conducted for both CUAPS and mould samples containing a binder content of 3, 4.5, and 7 wt% after curing times of 7, 14, and 28 days. Results indicate that the performance of CUAPS-consolidated samples are always more realistic than those of plastic mould-unconsolidated samples mainly due to water drainage induced by consolidation. CUAPS has witnessed an advantageous effect on CPB hardening which includes the amount of bleeding water (separation of water from the fresh backfill material) and a combination of drainage of part of the mixing water and the settlement of paste backfill after its placement in the cap.
Badania fizykochemiczne i mechaniczne właściwości skonsolidowanych i nieskonsolidowanych zawiesin nasyconych cementem
odpady do podsadzki, woda w zrobach, indeks geologiczny, efektywne ciśnienie, siła
W ostatnich latach obserwuje się, że wydajność i jakość próbek zawiesin nasyconych cementem (CPB – Cement Paste Backfill) in situ są stale niższe niż tych samych próbek przygotowanych w plastikowych formach w laboratorium. Może to wynikać z braku w laboratorium skutecznego narzędzia mogącego naśladować zawiesiny in situ, warunki ich utwardzania jak również rozmiary i geometrię próbek. W celu wypełnienia tej luki, w laboratorium opracowano nowe narzędzie o nazwie CUAPS (Curing Under Applied Pressure System), wytworzone i wykorzystane do zbadania wpływu ciśnienia na podstawie skutecznego nacisku na właściwości fizykochemiczne i mechaniczne CPB, jak również próbek otrzymanych z plastikowych form. Badania porównawcze przeprowadzono zarówno dla próbek CUAPS jak i próbek otrzymanych w laboratorium, zawierających lepiszcza (cementu) 3,45 i 7% wag. po 7, 14 i 28 dniach utwardzania. Wyniki wskazują, że wydajność próbek konsolidowanych CUAPS są zawsze bardziej prawdziwe (realistyczne) niż próbek otrzymanych w laboratorium, głównie z powodu odprowadzania wody w wyniku konsolidacji. Ostatecznie metoda CUAPS powoduje korzystny wpływ na utwardzenie CPB dzięki zawartości wody (separacja wody od świeżej zawiesiny odpadów z cementu) i połączeniu części wody zasobowej z zawiesiną w zrobach.
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