ORIGINAL PAPER
Mineralogical, geochemical and gemological investigation of Artova Ch-chalcedonies, Tokat – Turkey
 
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1
Ahi Evran University
2
Mersin University
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ilkay Kaydu Akbudak   

Ahi Evran University
Submission date: 2020-01-07
Final revision date: 2020-02-10
Acceptance date: 2020-03-30
Publication date: 2020-03-30
 
Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi – Mineral Resources Management 2020;36(1):77–92
 
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ABSTRACT
Ch-chalcedony is a green colored member of the quartz group of gem stones. The appearance of Ch-chalcedony is very similar to that of chrysoprase. Differently, Ch-chalsedonies have a chromium element instead of a nickel element as a trace element. Green quartz used in jewelery as a seal stone, in necklaces and rings and has been one of the most valuable quartz varieties throughout history, with its beautiful green color,more rare than other quartz varieties. The Ch-chalcedonies in the North Anatolian region is yellowish-white, brownish gray, light green to dark green in color ranging from several centimeters to one meter thick in veins and lenses in the Lower-Middle Eocene dolomitic limestones. Ch-chalcedonies are composed of fine-grained and occasionally fibrous needle-like quartz; in some examples, quartz is present together with cristobalite, tridimite and cuspidine minerals. According to geochemical investigations in Ch-chalcedonies, the main oxides that were determined are as follows: SiO2 was observed in the range of 95.86–97.81%, Fe2O3 was observed in the range of 0.61–0.91% and Cr2O3 was observed in the range of 0.125–0.168%. A trace element analysis of Ch-chalcedonies, shows their significant enrichments in: Ni, Mo, Cu, Mn, V, Cr and W, especially in the Cr (up to 705 ppm). The green color of the studied Cr-chalcedonies originates from the element chromium. Taking the possible reserves into account, the hardness, color, massive structures, mineralogical, petrographical and gemological features of Ch-chalcedonies in the region are evaluated together. It is determined that they are suitable for the production of jewelry and ornaments.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Mineralogiczne, geochemiczne i gemologiczne badania Ch-chalcedonów z Artova, Tokat – Turcja
Ch-chalcedon, kamień szlachetny, zielony kwarc, gemologia, Turcja
Ch-chalcedon jest składnikiem kwarcowej grupy kamieni szlachetnych w kolorze zielonym. Wygląd Ch-chalcedonu jest bardzo podobny do chryzoprazu. W szczególności Ch-chalcedony zawierają pierwiastek chromu zamiast pierwiastka niklu jako pierwiastka śladowego. Zielony kwarc stosowany w biżuterii jako kamień do: pieczętowania, naszyjników i pierścionków był jedną z najcenniejszych odmian kwarcu w historii dziejów. Ch-chalcedony w regionie północnoatlantyckim mają żółtawo-biały, brązowo-szary kolor od jasnozielonego do ciemnozielonego o grubości od kilku centymetrów do jednego metra, występują w żyłach i soczewkach wapieni dolomitycznych dolno-środkowego eocenu. Ch-chalcedony składają się z drobnoziarnistego i czasami włóknistego igłopodobnego kwarcu; w niektórych próbkach kwarc występuje razem z minerałami krystobalitu, tridymitu i kuspidyny. Według badań geochemicznych w Ch-chalcedonach zawartość głównych tlenków kształtowała się następująco: SiO2 zaobserwowano w zakresie 95,86–97,81%, Fe2O3 zaobserwowano w zakresie 0,61–0,91%, a Cr2O3 zaobserwowano w zakresie 0,125–0,168%. Analiza pierwiastków śladowych Ch-chalcedonów pokazuje ich znaczące wzbogacenie w: Ni, Mo, Cu, Mn, V, Cr i W, szczególnie w Cr (do 705 ppm). Zielony kolor badanych Ch-chalcedonów pochodzi od pierwiastka chromu. Obecnie oceniane są: możliwe zasoby, twardość, kolor, struktury, cechy mineralogiczne, petrograficzne i gemologiczne chalcedonów w analizowanym regionie. Ustalono, że te Ch-chalcedony nadają się do produkcji biżuterii i ozdób.
 
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