ORIGINAL PAPER
Directions for using the Blockchain technology in the raw materials Industry
 
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AGH University of Science and Technology
2
Jastrzębska Spółka Węglowa S.A.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Tomasz Leśniak   

AGH University of Science and Technology
Submission date: 2021-06-13
Acceptance date: 2021-07-02
Publication date: 2021-12-22
 
Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi – Mineral Resources Management 2021;37(4):5–28
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Modern technologies have been revolutionizing industries for years, providing competitive advantages to companies. As a technology based on decentralization, Blockchain becomes a tool to support and secure processes and transactions in industries such as mining and power engineering. It also supports supply chain processes, which are particularly important in today's mining business. The use of advanced cryptography methods results in increased cyber security in entities that implement such solutions. The use of Blockchain technology carries a strong message, both to competitors and customers, about intensifying work on authentication and process traceability. This publication focuses on defining the trust gap problem in the mining industry and on examples of the use of technology in data traceability processes. The mining industry is beginning to use technologies which had been previously available only in the theoretical realm. The ongoing development towards a smart industry entails a number of studies and expert assessments, aimed to integrate knowledge from the mining and IT areas. The combination of these research areas leads to an increase in the value of both the companies implementing modern technologies and traditional companies that implement such applications in their value chain. Based on the analyzed articles, two main areas of consideration in the context of the extractive industry were distinguished: systems that track and secure the flow of data in specific mining processes and systems that monitor and secure information on processes which support the raw materials supply chain.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Kierunki wykorzystania technologii Blockchain w przemyśle surowcowym
innowacje surowcowe, blockchain, nowoczesne technologie, wydobycie
Nowoczesne technologie od lat rewolucjonizują przemysł i stanowią o przewadze konkurencyjnej przedsiębiorstw. Blockchain jako technologia oparta na decentralizacji staje się narzędziem wspomagającym oraz zabezpieczającym procesy i transakcje w takich gałęziach przemysłu jak górnictwo oraz energetyka. Wspomaga również procesy związane z łańcuchami dostaw, szczególnie ważnymi w dzisiejszym biznesie wydobywczym. Wykorzystanie metod zaawansowanej kryptografii skutkuje zwiększeniem cyberbezpieczeństwa podmiotów, które takie rozwiązania wdrażają. Zastosowanie technologii Blockchain wiąże się z mocnym przekazem, zarówno dla konkurencji jak i klientów, dotyczącym intensyfikacji prac nad autentykacją oraz identyfikowalnością procesów. W niniejszej publikacji skupiono się na zdefiniowaniu problemu luki zaufania w przemyśle górniczym oraz przykładach wykorzystania technologii w procesach śledzenia pochodzenia danych. Branża wydobywcza zaczyna wykorzystywać technologie dostępne do tej pory tylko w obszarze teoretycznym. Bieżący rozwój w kierunku przemysłu inteligentnego niesie za sobą szereg badań i ekspertyz, które mają na celu integrację wiedzy z obszarów górnictwa oraz informatyzacji. Połączenie wspomnianych obszarów badawczych prowadzi do wzrostu wartości przedsiębiorstw zarówno wdrażających nowoczesne technologie jak i firm tradycyjnych, które takie zastosowania implementują do swojego łańcucha wartości. Bazując na analizowanych artykułach wyróżniono dwa główne obszary rozważań w kontekście branży wydobywczej: systemy śledzące oraz zabezpieczające przepływ danych w określonych procesach górniczych oraz systemy monitorujące oraz zabezpieczające informacje dotyczące procesów wspierających łańcuch dostaw.
 
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