ORIGINAL PAPER
Use of underground space for the storage of selected gases (CH4, H2, and CO2) – possible conflicts of interest
 
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Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute PAS
2
AGH University of Science and Technology
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Barbara Uliasz-Misiak   

AGH University of Science and Technology
Submission date: 2020-11-30
Final revision date: 2021-01-05
Acceptance date: 2021-02-03
Publication date: 2021-03-25
 
Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi – Mineral Resources Management 2021;37(1):141–160
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The rational management of underground space, especially when used for various purposes, requires a comprehensive approach to the subject. The possibility of using the same geological structures (aquifers, hydrocarbon reservoirs, and salt caverns) for the storage of CH4, H2 and CO2 may result in conflicts of interest, especially in Poland. These conflicts are related to the use of the rock mass, spatial planning, nature protection, and social acceptance. The experience in the field of natural gas storage can be transferred to other gases. The geological and reservoir conditions are crucial when selecting geological structures for gas storage, as storage safety and the absence of undesirable geochemical and microbiological interactions with reservoir fluids and the rock matrix are essential. Economic aspects, which are associated with the storage efficiency, should also be taken into account. The lack of regulations setting priorities of rock mass development may result in the use of the same geological structures for the storage of various gases. The introduction of appropriate provisions to the legal regulations concerning spatial development will facilitate the process of granting licenses for underground gas storage. The provisions on area based nature protection should take other methods of developing the rock mass than the exploitation of deposits into account. Failure to do so may hinder the establishment of underground storage facilities in protected areas. Knowledge of the technology and ensuring the safety of underground gas storage should translate into growing social acceptance for CO2 and H2 storage.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Wykorzystanie podziemnej przestrzeni dla magazynowania wybranych gazów (CH4, H2 i CO2) – możliwe konflikty interesów
dwutlenek węgla, metan, wodór, konflikt interesów, podziemne składowanie/magazynowanie
Zarządzanie podziemną przestrzenią, szczególnie gdy można ją wykorzystać w różnych celach, wymaga kompleksowego podejścia do problemu. Możliwość wykorzystania tych samych struktur geologicznych (poziomów wodonośnych, złóż węglowodorów oraz kawern solnych) do magazynowania CH4, H2 i CO2 może skutkować konfliktami interesów szczególnie w warunkach polskich. Konflikty te są związane z wykorzystaniem górotworu, planowaniem przestrzennym, ochroną przyrody, społeczną akceptacją. Doświadczenia w magazynowaniu gazu ziemnego można przenieść na magazynowanie pozostałych gazów. Przy wyborze struktur geologicznych na magazyny gazów, uwarunkowania geologiczno-złożowe będą w największym stopniu wpływać na ich magazynowanie. Bezpieczeństwo magazynowania oraz brak niepożądanych oddziaływań geochemicznych i mikrobiologicznych z płynami złożowymi i matrycą skalną będą istotnymi czynnikami. Należy także uwzględniać aspekty ekonomiczne i związaną z tym efektywność magazynowania. Wskazano, że brak regulacji prawnych ustalających priorytety w sposobie zagospodarowania górotworu będzie skutkował konkurencją w wykorzystaniu tych samych struktur geologicznych na magazyny różnych gazów. Wprowadzenie do uregulowań prawnych dotyczących zagospodarowania przestrzennego terenu odpowiednich zapisów ułatwi wydawanie koncesji na podziemne magazynowanie gazów. Nieuwzględnienie w przepisach dotyczących obszarowych form ochrony przyrody innych sposobów zagospodarowania górotworu niż eksploatacja złóż może przeszkodzić w zakładaniu podziemnych magazynów w obszarach chronionych. Znajomość technologii i zapewnienie bezpieczeństwa podziemnego magazynowania gazów powinny się w praktyce przekładać na coraz większą społeczną akceptację dla magazynowania CO2 oraz H2.
 
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